6 Trait-Writing

The 6-trait writing model is a way to assess and teach writing. This model focuses on 6 qualities seen in outstanding written works. The six traits include:


Ideas: The content, or main theme. Can be looked at as the heart of the message.

Organization: The internal structure of the writing.

Voice: The personal voice of author comes through. This gives a sense of a real person speaking. All writing, even the most serious, is a form of entertainment. Find the words that keep your reader interested. If you find the feeling that belongs to a piece of writing, the piece may write itself. There is no bad first draft. Let yourself go.
Write like you talk. It really can be that simple. Say something. Then write it. Use a tape recorder if you want. When you're done, read what you wrote, aloud. If it sounds stilted or wooden, stop for a moment. Think about what you're trying to say. Say it aloud. Then write it down.

Write from the point of view of the turkey. Which will lead to a discussion on voice.
Good reading lesson as well.


Word Choice: The use of precise, colorful and rich words to communicate. What you write has sound. People hear your words in their heads, and so the sounds you create can draw people's attention. In addition, at the right moments, you can be much like a music composer, working with sound to create feeling. The skillful writer has sounds in mind.


Sentence Fluency: The writing flows together often with a rhythm or cadence. Ask Students to Read Aloud

Reading aloud encourages students to read interpretively, and with expression. When students read with expression, they’re far more likely to write with expression, too. So encourage them to read to one another, in pairs, in small groups-or sometimes, as a whole class.


Conventions: Mechanical correctness, including spelling and grammar.

Each trait is assessed with a scoring Guide or Rubric ranging from one to five.
Below is a simplified, generic rubric: