Anthocycanins add the color red to plants including cranberries, red apples, cherries, strawberries and others.
Carotenoid create bright yellows and oranges in familiar fruits and vegetables. Corn, carrots, and bananas are just a few of the many plants colored by carotnoid.
chlorophyll - Plants make their own food. They
take water from the ground through their roots. They take a gas called carbon
dioxide from the air. They turn water and carbon dioxide into food using
sunlight and something called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is green. It gives leaves
their green color.
photosynthesis- To feed the green leaves that make you shade, trees use sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugar. This is called photosynthesis.
pigments-Pigments are natural substances produced by leaf cells. The three pigments that color leaves are: chlorophyll (green), carotenoids (yellow, orange, brown), and anthocyanins (red).