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A tiny particle, such as a speck of dust, smoke, or salt, is at the center of every snowflake!

Snowflakes form when water vapor freezes in crystal form around a speck of dust or other debris in the air. These particles, called "cloud condensation nuclei" (CCN) may be only a millionth of a meter wide and weigh a trillionth of a gram!

If there aren't any CCNs around for the water vapor to crystallize onto, it will remain in the air as a cloud, even if it is cold enough to make snow. Water vapor clouds have been observed at temperatures as cold as -40 Fahrenheit (-40 Celsius)!

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Snowflake Shapes

The shape of a snowflake depends on the temperature at which it forms!

Snowflakes are clusters of three-dimensional hexagonal (six sided) ice crystals. The crystals may form thin plates, needles, hollow columns, sector plates, or dendrites, depending on the temperature of formation. A typical snowflake is made of many such crystals stuck together, and can include crystals of more than one type.

Under certain conditions, small snowflakes group together to form giant ones. These giant snowflakes are 4 - 6 inches (10 - 15 cm) in diameter!

Click for more about snowflakes, including pictures of the different shapes and the temperatures at which they form.

According to: Cool Fact of the Day copyright.


     (Art) Make some paper snowflakes. Here at KinderArt you can see how it is done.

     (Math) Count theSnowflakes

     (Science) Is snow really white? Find out here.

     (Fine Motor Skills, Critical Thinking) Play with Winter Jigsaw puzzles.

     (Language Arts, Art, Research Skills) Do a report on The Snowflake Man the man who actually photographed snowflakes. Make sketches of his photos. Add him to you timeline.

    (Math, Critical Thinking) Make some Math flashcards for number recognition for younger ones or use them to play Memory with the older ones.

     (Science) Snow Crystal Experiment - a wonderful experiment growing actual ice crystals.

     (Science, Art) Make a Snowflake Impression-catch and keep a real snowflake!

     (Art) Find out why scientist study snowflakes here.

     (Math, Art) Make a Teeny, Tiny Winter Counting Book

     (Art): Make a winter scene diorama. Take a shoebox and make a background. Add houses, snowmen and lots of winter things. Use cotton, glitter, real twigs and whatever catches your fancy to make it look real. Here is a background for you to use.

     (Science, Math) Make a snow gauge - Make a snow gauge.
Cut the top of a clear 2 liter Pepsi bottle. Starting at the bottom, mark off the inches fro bottom to top. Make sure you use a permanent marker. Now place it where you can catch your snow fall. Measure how much snow you get , then bring it in and let it melt and measure how much water it makes. Is there any difference?

     (Science, Language Arts, Social Studies) Build an Igloo and read a book on Eskimos. Write a book report about your book. Make Eskimo Dolls

     (Art )Make a Winter Wonderland Painting

     (Bible, Handwriting) Look up the references to snow in the Bible. Copy and display one that is special to you.

     (Art ,Home Economics) Make Snowman Scupltures - fun craft that doesn't need snow.

     (Art, History) Make some Beaded Icicle Ornament to hang in your window.


     (Science, Art) Make a  Fluffy Polar Bear. Read a book about Polar bears or other animals that live in the snow. Fill out an Animal research Sheet on at least one of these.

     (Art, Home Economics.) Make a Super Sock Snowman

     (History, Research  Skills, Language Arts) Do a report on Admiral Byrd. Add him to your timeline.

     (Geography) On a map mark Admiral Byrd's discoveries, where you animal that you reported on lives and anything else from this study that you can.

     (Art, Science) Make Snow Candles

     (Art) Pasta Snowflakes

     (Art) Snow Painting

Qualities of snow

 Snow Art   -  Songs, snacks, and games accompany this resources for numerous snow art projects. Early elementary students can create snowmen feet, tin foil snow, paper plate snowmen, and more.

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The largest snowflake ever found was 8" by 12"! It was reported to have fallen in Bratsk, Siberia in 1971.

Worksheets & Coloring Pages: 

  • Snowflake paper to print and use.
  • Snowflake File Folder game - be the first to get home!
  • 3D snowflake
  • Winter Counting Worksheet
  • Make a Snow village
  • Winter Dominoes
  • Snowman Coloring Page
  • Make a Snowman Snowflake
  • Building a Snowman

Food Fun


Books to read:

  • Snowflake Bentley by Jacqueline Briggs Martin, Mary Azarian
  • Snowflakes for all Seasons by Cindy Higham
  • Easy to Make Decorative Paper Snowflakes by Brenda Lee Reed
  • Clifford's First Snow Day by Norman Bridwell
  • Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs, by Judi Barrett
  • Snowflakes: Designs for Coloring, by Ruth Heller
  • Dream Snow by Eric Carle
  • Gingerbread Baby by by Jan Brett
  • The Mitten by by Jan Brett
  • Owl Moon by Jane Yolen,
  • The Snowman by Raymond Briggs
  • Curious George in the Snow by Margret Rey H. A. Rey
  • Geraldine's Big Snow by Holly Keller
  • The Snow Lambs by Debi Gliori
  • Thomas' Snowsuit by Robert Munsch
  • White Snow, Bright Snow by Alvin Tressault
  • Samantha's Winter Party: American Girls Short Stories by Valerie Tripp

Links for you to check out:

Snow and Snowman Links

Paper Snowflake Patterns and picture of some beautiful ones

Winter Fun