It's thought that the first people to inhabit Mexico arrived 20,000 years before Columbus. They were Indians of unknown tribes who migrated from the north. These Indians were hunters who lived in small, temporary communities. They followed the herds of buffalo, and other large animals.
About 7500 B.C. the land became drier and the animals couldn't find enough grass to eat. They died off.
About 7000 B.C. Indians in what is now the Puebla region discovered how to grow plants for food and became farmers. They grew corn, avocados, beans peppers, squash, and tomatoes. They also raised turkeys for food. They then became permanent settlers.
After Christopher Columbus “discovered” America, the Spaniards carried out expeditions to find gold and riches from these faraway lands. In 1521, about 500 Spanish soldiers arrived in Mexico, headed by an ambitious man: Hernán Cortés. At this time, the Aztecs had built a great empire that ruled over all Mesoamérica. So the Spaniards decided to direct their attacks towards them.
The history of Mexico is quite extensive. I will therefore add links to the bottom of some pages for you to read on, if you choose. Always use your back button to come back to this site.